Bee Venom Therapy

Working Bees - Bee Venom Therapy

Bee Venom Therapy (BVT) is the therapeutic application of venom from several related species of honeybee, typically, Apis mellifera (European spp.) and Apis cerana (Asian spp.). Bee Venom Therapy is also called Apitherapy, or “bee therapy” (from the Latin “apis” which means bee). A good way to view BVT is to consider it “venom acupuncture” or “apipuncture”. BVT was used in many ancient cultures. Bee venom contains active compounds that have therapeutic properties. The venom is administered either by direct sting from the bee itself, or by manual injection of venom, via syringe, which can be mixed with anesthetic. The practice is considered a subset of a natural medicine system. Apitherapy was known to many ancient cultures going back 6000 years. It was practiced by three of the Great Civilizations known for their highly developed medical systems: ancient Egypt, China, and Greece, as well as by the Aztec and Maya in the New World. It is reported that both Alexander the Great and Charlemagne used BVT to treat pain. Today, the empirical use of BVT has persisted, particularly for rheumatic, painful, and inflammatory conditions, and this has prompted more research. Recent data and historical evidence support the use of bee venom for these conditions. 

For more information visit The American Apitherapy Society:

Note: Dr. Kleronomos is currently the Vice President of AAS

See Dr. Kleronoms perform Bee Venom Therapy on TV or read his article (link to media page).

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Maggot Debridement Therapy (MDT)

Maggots Heal

MDT Maggot Debridement Therapy (MDT) is an accepted, effective method of treating chronic (non-healing) wounds with live, germ-free fly larvae (“maggots”). It is also called “larval therapy,” “biodebridement,” or simply “maggot therapy.” In maggot therapy, disinfected (germ-free) fly larvae are applied to wounds for 2 or 3 days within special “cage-like” dressings that prevent the maggots from wandering off. Medicinal maggots are often called “the world’s smallest surgeons.” They are also the world’s cheapest surgeons because they work 24 hours/day, secreting enzymes that break down dead, infected tissue within the wound, and gently removing debris (debridement) as they crawl about, like a gentle brush. The literature identifies three primary actions of medicinal maggots on wounds:
•    They clean ("debride") the wounds by dissolving dead (“gangrenous” or necrotic) and infected tissue; 
•    They disinfect the wound (kill germs); 
•    They speed the rate of healing.
•    For more information visit The Biotherapeutics, Education and Research (BTER) Foundation:

Note: Dr. Kleronomos is currently an active Board Member of BTER. 

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